Bereits der erste Eigentümer des Weinguts, Jean-Baptiste Braneyre, hatte im Jahre 1680 erkannt, was für ein Potenzial die nur einen Katzensprung von der Gironde-Mündung entfernten herrlichen Kieselterroirs besaßen. In der Klassifizierung von 1855 wurde ihre Bedeutung besätigt und offiziell anerkannt. Sie bilden zusammen mit den prestigereichen Nachbarn eine Einheit, die in der ganzen Welt für ihre exzellenten Weine bekannt sind. Von Beginn an stand die Vision für die Weine des Château fest: Qualität als absolute Priorität sowie stetes Bemühen darum, die Persönlichkeit und die Komplexität von Branaire-Ducru zum Ausdruck zu bringen. Die Weine besitzen einen sehr hohen Anteil Cabernet Sauvignon und überzeugen durch Beständigkeit, Frucht, Frische und Komplexität. Das Team verfolgt das Ziel, in jedem Jahrgang diese Eigenschaften von Branaire-Ducru, die der Eleganz und dem Stil von Saint-Julien entsprechen, präzise zu entfalten. Der Gedanke, dass die Weine Liebhabern in der ganzen Welt Genuss und Freude bereiten, erfüllt das Team von Branaire-Ducru mit großer Zufriedenheit. Bei seiner Nachverkostung der Fassmuster wertete Robert M. Parker den 2009er Château Branaire-Ducru von 92-95/100 Punkten auf 96/100 Punkte auf und schreibt: "Haut couture becomes a wine! This dense purple wine has the tell-tale notes of flowers and pencil shavings, and its broad aromatics are intense and totally captivating. Powerful, rich, and full, but less tannic than the 2005 and more opulent, this is a dazzling Branaire to drink between 2017-2035." Der Weinwisser zieht 18/20 Punkte und beschreibt den 2009er Château Branaire-Ducru wie folgt: "Tiefes, sattes Purpur, Granatschimmeram Rand. Herrliches Veilchenbouquet mitblauen Früchten unterlegt, schöner Zeder- und Vanillehauch, elegant und relativ schlank im ersten Ansatz. Saftiger Gaumen, fast tänzerisch auf der noch etwas pikanten Zunge, rote Pflaumenschalen, wirkt insgesamt eher leichtgewichtig und braucht noch Barrique-Unterstützung, um etwas mehr «Body» zu erlangen. Patrick Marroteau sucht in seinen Weinen Frische, Frucht und Eleganz. Hier ist alles davon vorhanden. Im Vergleich zu den anderen St.-Julien-Boliden wirkt der Branaire recht unbeschwert. Die 18/20 muss er sich erst noch verdienen." Die Juristen des Wine Spectator bewerten diesen edlen Bordeaux mit 98/100 Punkten und urteilen folgendermaßen: "A ripe, chewy, muscular style, with good cut despite the hefty tar, blackberry, roasted fig and singed apple wood notes. The long, anise-stained finish lets the tarry edge play out, though this shows a touch more finesse than some of its colleagues. Best from 2015 through 2025."
Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Business economics - Business Ethics, Corporate Ethics, grade: 2,3, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, course: Unternehmensethik, 42 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In the past few years, business ethics has emerged as a broad and importantconcept, universities are offering seminars, corporations are sending their managerson trainings, and an enormous literature body seems to be emerging out of nowhere.In contrast to this movement, the 'globalization bible', the novel NoLogo written byjournalist Naomi Klein draws a different picture: it accuses companies and CEOs ofantisocial behaviour. Consumer capitalism on the one hand and at the same timearticles about sweatshops, bad working conditions, and 'famous' names like theBrent Spar platform, Sao Wiwa and Shell, and Nike sweatshops support the negativeimage of MNCs.In the following I would therefore like to examine why certain corporations seem totake on corporate responsibility while others, as stated in Klein's novel, act as 'the bigbrand bullies'. I seek to answer in this paper why business ethics as a concept is notan oxymoron (cp. Collins 1994) per se and why in the words of John L. Campbell"given the incentives for maximizing profit and shareholder value, let alone actingopportunistically, why would a corporation ever act in socially responsible ways, evenat the most minimal level" (947).In general, there are three main approaches to the grounds of acting sociallyresponsible: there are moral reasons, economic reasons and institutional reasons.First of all I would like to start by giving some theoretical basics. Subsequently moral,economic and institutional theories as an explanation for the implementation ofbusiness ethics will be examined. Because each of these three parts is consideredequally important they will all be covered, but concessions need to be made due tothe enormous width of the topic. I would then like to come up with a diagnosis andpossible topics to 'walk the talk' and finally draw a conclusion.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Rudolf Otto (September 25, 1869 6 March 1937) was an eminent German Lutheran theologian and scholar of comparative religion. Born in Peine near Hanover, Otto attended the Gymnasium Andreanum in Hildesheim and studied at the universities of Erlangen and Göttingen, where he wrote his dissertation on Martin Luther's understanding of the Holy Spirit, and his habilitation on Kant. By 1906, he held a position as extraordinary professor, and in 1910 he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Giessen. In 1915, he became ordinary professor at the University of Breslau, and in 1917, at the University of Marburg's Divinity School, then one of the most famous Protestant seminaries in the world. Although he received several other calls, he remained in Marburg for the rest of his life. He retired in 1929 and died of pneumonia eight years later, after he had suffered serious injuries falling some 20 m from a tower. Persistent but unconfirmed rumors identified this as a suicide attempt. He is buried in Marburg cemetery.
Dipyrone is widely acknowledged to be an effective antipyretic analgesic with an additional intrinsic spasmolytic activity. It has stood the test of time over the last 75 years in many clinical settings throughout the world. Some 20 years ago, however, concern arose over the implications of isolat ed reports of agranulocytosis following use of dipyrone. Based on these initial cases the Swedish authorities ordered the withdrawal of the drug from the market. Subsequently, dipyrone has been subjected to extensive comparative epidemiological and clinical studies. The results of these in vestigations have allayed the earlier concerns and have shown dipyrone to be a versatile analgesic drug with an overall risk of serious adverse events lower than most other non-opioid analgesics. Based on these results, the Swedish authorities (Lakemedelsverket) have approved the reintroduc tion of dipyrone to clinical use as a valuable contribution to pain treat ment. In connection with this further milestone in the story of the drug, a symposium was held in Stockholm on March 14, 1996, under the chairman ship of Professor N. Rawal to review the current understanding of the ac tion, efficacy and safety of dipyrone. The highlights of this Hoechst symposium emphasize particularly the therapeutic basis for the use of dipyrone in the modern treatment of acute post-operative pain. 9 Mode of action of dipyrone Professor K. Brune, M. D. Erlangen, Germany Most non-opioid analgesic drugs are inhibitors of cydo-oxygenase, the en zyme catalysing the formation of prostaglandins (PGs).
At the twilight of the Weimar Republic, politicians, scientists, and theologians were engaged in debates surrounding the so-called "Jewish Question." When the Nazi Party came to power in 1933, these discussions took on a new sense of urgency and poignancy. As state measures against Jews unfolded, theological conceptions of the meaning of "Israel" and "Judaism" began to impact living, breathing Jewish persons.In this study, Ryan Tafilowski traces the thought of the Lutheran theologian Paul Althaus (1888-1966), who once greeted the rise of Hitler as a "gift and miracle of God," as he negotiated the "Jewish Question" and its meaning for his understanding of Germanness across the Weimar Republic, the Nazi years, and the post-war period. In particular, the study uncovers the paradoxical categories Althaus used to interpret the ongoing theological significance of the Jewish people, whom he considered both an imminent threat to German ethnic identity and yet a mysterious cipher by which Germans might decode their own spiritual destiny in world history.Sketching the peculiar contours of Althaus' theology of Israel, this study offers a fresh interpretation of the Erlangen Opinion on the Aryan Paragraph, which is an important artifact not only of the Kirchenkampf, but also of the complex and ambivalent history of Christian antisemitism. By bringing Althaus into conversation with some of the most influential theologians of the twentieth century-from Karl Barth and Emil Brunner to Rudolf Bultmann and Dietrich Bonhoeffer-Tafilowski broadens the scope of his inquiry to vital questions of political theology, ethnic identity, social ethics, and ecclesiology. As Christian theologians must once again reckon with questions of national self-understanding under the pressures of mass migration and resurgent nationalisms, this investigation into the logic of ethno-nationalist theologies is a timely contribution.
In this book the authors present an alternative set theory dealing with a more relaxed notion of infiniteness, called finitely supported mathematics (FSM). It has strong connections to the Fraenkel-Mostowski (FM) permutative model of Zermelo-Fraenkel (ZF) set theory with atoms and to the theory of (generalized) nominal sets. More exactly, FSM is ZF mathematics rephrased in terms of finitely supported structures, where the set of atoms is infinite (not necessarily countable as for nominal sets). In FSM, 'sets' are replaced either by `invariant sets' (sets endowed with some group actions satisfying a finite support requirement) or by `finitely supported sets' (finitely supported elements in the powerset of an invariant set). It is a theory of `invariant algebraic structures' in which infinite algebraic structures are characterized by using their finite supports.After explaining the motivation for using invariant sets in the experimental sciences as well as the connections with the nominal approach, admissible sets and Gandy machines (Chapter 1), the authors present in Chapter 2 the basics of invariant sets and show that the principles of constructing FSM have historical roots both in the definition of Tarski `logical notions' and in the Erlangen Program of Klein for the classification of various geometries according to invariants under suitable groups of transformations. Furthermore, the consistency of various choice principles is analyzed in FSM. Chapter 3 examines whether it is possible to obtain valid results by replacing the notion of infinite sets with the notion of invariant sets in the classical ZF results. The authors present techniques for reformulating ZF properties of algebraic structures in FSM. In Chapter 4 they generalize FM set theory by providing a new set of axioms inspired by the theory of amorphous sets, and so defining the extended Fraenkel-Mostowski (EFM) set theory. In Chapter 5 they define FSM semantics for certain process calculi (e.g., fusion calculus), and emphasize the links to the nominal techniques used in computer science. They demonstrate a complete equivalence between the new FSM semantics (defined by using binding operators instead of side conditions for presenting the transition rules) and the known semantics of these process calculi.The book is useful for researchers and graduate students in computer science and mathematics, particularly those engaged with logic and set theory.
This volume reflects "New Trends in Shape Optimization" and is based on a workshop of the same name organized at the Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg in September 2013. During the workshop senior mathematicians and young scientists alike presented their latest findings. The format of the meeting allowed fruitful discussions on challenging open problems, and triggered a number of new and spontaneous collaborations. As such, the idea was born to produce this book, each chapter of which was written by a workshop participant, often with a collaborator. The content of the individual chapters ranges from survey papers to original articles, some focus on the topics discussed at the Workshop, while others involve arguments outside its scope but which are no less relevant for the field today. As such, the book offers readers a balanced introduction to the emerging field of shape optimization.
In the opinion of some historians the era of fascism ended with the deaths of Mussolini and Hitler. Yet the debate about its nature as a historical phenomenon and its value as a term of historical analysis continues to rage with ever greater intensity, each major attempt to resolve it producing different patterns of support, dissent, and even hostility, from academic colleagues. Nevertheless, a number of developments since 1945 not only complicate the methodological and definitional issues even further, but make it ever more desirable that politicians, journalists, lawyers, and the general public can turn to &#8216;experts&#8217; for a heuristically useful and broadly consensual definition of the term. These developments include: the emergence of a highly prolific European New Right, the rise of radical right populist parties, the flourishing of ultra-nationalist movements in the former Soviet empire, the radicalization of some currents of Islam and Hinduism into potent political forces, and the upsurge of religious terrorism. Most monographs and articles attempting to establish what is meant by fascism are written from a unilateral authoritative perspective, and the intense academic controversy the term provokes has to be gleaned from reviews and conference discussions. The uniqueness of this book is that it provides exceptional insights into the cut-and-thrust of the controversy as it unfolds on numerous fronts simultaneously, clarifying salient points of difference and moving towards some degree of consensus. Twenty-nine established academics, including several prominent experts working in English and German, were invited by the periodical 'Erwägen Wissen Ethik' (Deliberation Knowledge Ethics) to engage with an article by Roger Griffin, one of the most influential theorists in the study of generic fascism in the Anglophone world. The resulting debate progressed through two &#8216;rounds&#8217; of critique and reply, forming a fascinating patchwork of consensus and sometimes heated disagreement. In a spin-off from the original discussion of Griffin&#8217;s concept of fascism, a second exchange documented here focuses on the issue of fascist ideology in contemporary Russia. This collection is essential reading for all those who realize the need to provide the term &#8216;fascism&#8217; with theoretical rigour, analytical precision, and empirical content despite the complex issues it raises, and for any specialist who wants to participate in fascist studies within an international forum of expertise. The book will change the way in which historians and political scientists think about fascism, and make the debate about the threat it poses to infant democracies like Russia more incisive not just for academics, but for politicians, journalists, and the wider public. The contributors: David Baker, Warwick; Jeffrey M. Bale, Monterey; Tamir Bar-On, Toronto; Alexander De Grand, North Carolina; Martin Durham, Wolverhampton; Roger Eatwell, Bath; Peter Fritzsche, Urbana-Champaign; A. James Gregor, Berkeley; Roger Griffin, Oxford Brookes; Siegfried Jäger, Duisburg-Essen; Klaus Holz, Villigst; Aristotle Kallis, Lancaster; Melitta Konopka, Bochum; Walter Laqueur, Washington; Werner Loh, Paderborn; Bärbel Meurer, Osnabrück; Philip Morgan, Hull; Ernst Nolte, Berlin; Kevin Passmore, Cardiff; Stanley G. Payne, Madison; Friedrich Pohlmann, Freiburg; Karin Priester, Münster; Alfred Schobert, Duisburg; Sven Reichardt, Konstanz; David D. Roberts, Georgia; Robert J. Soucy, Oberlin; Mario Sznajder, Jerusalem; Andreas Umland, Kyiv; Leonard Weinberg, Nevada; Jan Weyand, Erlangen-Nürnberg; Wolfgang Wippermann, Berlin.
Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: 2.0, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg (Institut für Politische Wissenschaft), course: Introduction to Development Studies, 12 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: One of the most important questions of development politics is what development actually means and how you can measure it. Although nobody will seriously dispute the fact that development has an important political dimension it is usually the economy which is in the focus of multinational organizations as for example the IMF or the Worldbank. The most important indicator for economic prosperity is the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) respectively the GNP which is a close relative. In fact the Worldbank defines developing countries as 'countries with low or middle levels of GNP per capita' (Worldbank Glossary). This shows the tremendous importance the GNP has for the work of the Worldbank. In the following essay the value of the GDP as an indicator for development will be assessed. It will be shown that it is a valuable indicator under certain conditions, but that it is clearly not sufficient to make sound statements about the development of a certain country. In fact it can even be misleading in some respects and dividing between developing and developed countries just on the basis of the GNP is certainly not appropriate. At first I will explain what GDP, GNP and its growth rates actually mean and what they can tell about the economy of a state. The specific advantages of this indicator will be mentioned and the correlations between it and development. Then I will oppose that with the great variety of problems the GDP and similar indicators have. As a conclusion I will show that for a fairly acceptable measurement of development it will be necessary to include some other indicators beside the GDP as well. Development is more than a high level of economic activity it also includes the general standard of living and the degree of personal freedom and security. The GDP is defined as the value of the final goods and services produced in a country in one year (Mankiw 2001: 522). This value is usually given in US-Dollar and equals the total amount of all sorts of official income and profits and also the sum of the total consumption, investment, government puchases and net exports in a country in a year. The difference between GDP und GNP, the Gross National Product, is that the GNP measures the value which was produced by the citizens of a country, wherever they live and work. That means for example that the profit a British company made in a developing country contributes to the GDP of the developing country but not to its GNP but to the GNP of the United Kingdom.